References

Understanding Metastatic Spinal Tumors

  1. Bartels R, van der Linden Y, and van der Graaf W. “Spinal Extradural Metastasis: Review of Current Treatment Options.” CA Cancer J Clin. 2008;58:245-259.
  2. Kurup AN and Callstrom MR. “Ablation of skeletal metastases: Current status.” J VascInterv Radiol. 2010;21:S242-S250.
  3. Arnautovic K and Arnautovic A. “Extramedullaryintradural spinal tumors: a review of modern diagnostic and treatment options and a report of a series.” Bosn J Basic Med Sci. 2009; 9 Suppl 1:40-45.
  4. Cardoso ER, Ashamalla H, Weng L, Mokhtar B, Ali S, Macedon M, and Guirguis A. “Percutaneous tumor curettage and interstitial delivery of samarium-153 coupled with kyphoplasty for treatment of vertebral metastases.” J. Neurosurg Spine 2009;10:336-342.
  5. Wong DA, Fornasier VL, and MacNab I. “Spinal metastases: the obvious, the occult, and the impostors.” Spine. 1990;15(1):1-4.
  6. Ortiz Gómez JA. “The incidence of vertebral body metastases.” IntOrthop. 1995;19:309-311.
  7. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. 2007.


Spinal Tumor Treatment Options

  1. Di Staso M, et al., “A feasibility study of percutaneous radiofrequency ablation followed by radiotherapy in the management of painful osteolytic bone metastases.” Eur Radiol. 2011; 21:2004-2010.
  2. Lane MD, et al., “Combined radiofrequency ablation and cementoplasty for palliative treatment of painful neoplastic bone metastasis: experience with 53 treated lesions in 36 patients.” Skeletal Radiol. 2011; 40:25-32.
  3. Kurup AN and Callstrom MR. “Ablation of skeletal metastases: Current status.” J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2010;21:S242-S250.
  4. Dupuy DE, Dawei L, Hartfeil D, Hanna L, Blume JD, Ahrar K, Lopez R, Safran H and DiPetrillo T. “Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of Painful Osseous Metastases”, Cancer. 2009;116(4):989-997.